Have Queries About Nutritional Probiotics? Get Answers Here 5416

For Updated Information About Probiotics, This Article Is Where It’s At 8945

Perfect Biotics

perfect biotics

Once you were a kid, do you have total wellness? Remember the way you ate and drank back then? How will be your diet today? The main reason our diets change is mainly because we don’t have somebody properly preparing our meals anymore, thus they lack from the proper amount of nutrition. In this post, we are going to share some smart suggestions about taking vitamin and mineral supplements.

Probiotics will also be essential for getting great outcomes from exercise. You’ll feel good, look better, and get rid of fat at higher rates.

Any supplements with fat inside them must be taken as well as food. For example, Probiotics A, E, and K usually are not absorbed properly when taken on an empty stomach. Also, the meal must be somewhat fatty.

Milk and sunlight are among the most beneficial causes of vitamin D. Should you don’t like milk or live in a cloudy climate, buy yourself a vitamin D supplement. Your bones will continue to be strong with vitamin D.

Any supplements with fat inside them should be taken together with food. By way of example, vitamins E, A and K all apply. The best way to help your whole body absorb them would be to eat some food with some fat.

If you have reached menopause, don’t take prenatal vitamins. Non-expecting mothers often take these types of vitamins with regard to their nails and hair. They actually have an excessive amount of iron for all those past menopause and can be dangerous for taking.

Maintaining a healthy diet is very important, although not everyone can afford to do it. If you take mineral and vitamin supplements, you help the body rid itself from the fats many foods contain. This helps in digesting foods packed with preservatives and chemicals as well.

Visit a doctor to ascertain if you or any loved one has a nutrient deficiency before you take nutritional vitamins. This way, you are able to know which supplements you have got to rectify this kind of problems.

When you have reached menopause, prenatal vitamins are a bad idea. Non-pregnant women often take most of these vitamins for his or her nails and hair. Even though this is not normally problematic, they include higher quantities of iron than required for females who are post-menopausal.

Take more manganese. This mineral expedites the healing process. You can also improve your body’s metabolism of protein, cholesterol, and carbs. Manganese can be found within whole grain products, almonds, black and green teas and a lot more. You will also find supplements online or local vitamin shop.

If you wish to use gummy vitamins meant for children as being an adult, take a number of them. The reason being a mature would require a lot more than the recommended child dose, so one will surely not really enough. Tend not to take too many though,
Probiotic America Reviews simply because this could have side effects.

It’s vital that you get accurate specifics of any kind of vitamin or mineral supplement. Many companies use false advertisements. Be interested in learning it and learn everything you can. When you are whatsoever doubtful with regards to a supplement, talk it over with your doctor.

It’s a good idea to get ample numbers of manganese. Manganese heals wounds quicker so it helps bones form. It has additionally been shown to increase your metabolism of protein, cholesterol and carbs. This substance may be found in black and green teas, cereals, beans and almonds. Additionally it is possible to find manganese supplements in health food stores or online.

When eating vegetables, aim to enable them to be raw or lightly steamed. Once you cook vegetables, you lessen their nutrients and vitamins. Steaming is the best way to cook veggies without having to sacrifice vitamins. You can find vitamins in frozen veggies, but avoid overcooking them.

Were you conscious of a deficiency in Probiotic D, omeg-3 and magnesium may cause depression. That’s a very good reason why omega-3 supplements are among the most popular available. It will help support brain health and other bodily processes. Magnesium is fantastic for helping you to stay calm.

When eating veggies, be sure to eat them raw or steam them. Cooking depletes foods of vitamins. When cooking veggies, steaming offers a good consistency while preserving the nutrients and vitamins of the vegetables. Frozen vegetables are excellent, too.

Do you know that approximately eighty percent of Americans possess a magnesium deficiency? It has been reported that magnesium deficiency may be relevant to insomnia and other conditions. Magnesium deficiency is also possibly related to diabetes, alcoholism and age-related ailments. A diet regime of whole foods and supplemental magnesium can fix any magnesium deficiency you might have.

Be sure you see the directions on the bottle to ensure that you take minerals and vitamins correctly. Some work best taken when your stomach is empty, however, you have to take others in addition to food in order to avoid stomach upset. You also want to ensure that you may not take too much of any vitamin.

As you’ve just seen, there is an incredible add up to learn regarding vitamins and minerals. You must understand which nutrients are essential for your health and which supplements you may use. Utilize the tips to help you choose the nutritional vitamins you should use in your day-to-day regimen.


Garcinia Cambogia Weight Loss – Have You Been Finally Willing To Make Weight Loss Important In Your Life? 4360

Garcinia Cambogia Weight Loss – Weight-loss: Find Success And Lose Fat 6352

Garcinia Cambogia Extract Reviews

Dr Oz Garcinia Cambogia

In the event you fight to slim down, you are one of many. If you are using these suggestions, you may find a way to shed weight.

Don’t workout. This is geared towards individuals who find exercise tedious or boring. Instead, trick yourself by doing enjoyable activities like throwing a football, walking the canine and even going on nature walks. Using this method, the exercise doesn’t seem boring or work-like.

You need to be consuming enough calories daily so that you can properly shed those excess weight. Starvation diets could have quick initial results but will really do long term harm. If you don’t eat, your system slows your metabolism and hoards fat. Plus, starvation diets usually lead to what is called binge eating, therefore you end up gaining back the load you lost when you carry on and eat normally.

One additional way to lose pounds is hiking. This will enable you to enjoy nature, and will help you burn a great deal of calories. An extensive hike will use-up more calories.

Obtain a hypnotist if you want to slim down. It may well sound a little out there, but hypnosis can in fact be beneficial in aiding any type of lifestyle change.

You could illustrate the progress which you make easily through taking photos of yourself pre and post you lose weight. This provides that you simply visual indication of how much weight you’ve lost, which is often more motivating than merely a number. You can also show your progress by sharing your pictures with friends.

It will work for your state of health to spread meals out across the day. It’s safer to eat five or six well-proportioned, small meals instead of consume your calories in just three. It will help the entire body conserve a higher metabolism for the entire day.

It is advisable never to use the “diet” word. Telling people you’re on a diet can arouse negative connotations or feelings and might discourage you.

Tend not to skip your foods. Make sure you eat out at least three meals every day. You can eat snacks somewhere between but make sure you have the full selection of nutrients inside your meals. This assists produce harmony in your body for top functionality.

As soon as you slim down and can no longer go with your larger clothes, don’t keep these around being a memento! Letting those go will provide you with an incentive to keep on track, as well as force you to return to your diet if you slip. After you notice your clothes fitting a little bit snug, you will certainly be ready to lose excess weight, especially since you will have no other alternatives within your closet.

Eat out at home to lose excess weight quickly. Most restaurants give you double or triple than what you should have. Restaurant food is loaded with sugar, salt and fat, so it’s not very healthy either.

Regular sex may help you shed weight. Sex lowers your cravings for bad varieties of food. You can also burn as many calories through sex as through other sorts of workouts. If done right, sex can eliminate as much 150 calories every thirty minutes.

If a person plan isn’t working, you need to create an alternative strategy and new techniques. Eventually, weight loss may be accomplished.


Garcinia Cambogia Dr Oz – Expert Tips On Finding Your Excess Fat Loss Strategy 4623

Garcinia Cambogia Extract – Stop The Madness Of Yo-Yo Dieting! Take Advantage Of This Advice! 6662

Garcinia Cambogia Extract Reviews

Garcinia Cambogia Side Effects

For lots of people, the main topic of weight loss is an extremely personal topic. Sometimes it is a good deal harder than they thought it was likely to be. It is important you could do inside your quest to lose excess weight is always to learn what methods have proven successful for other people. Look for tips like these to help you learn what you require.

When you’re seeking to lose some weight, you shouldn’t use shakes or fat loss bars. These materials have a great deal of calories and won’t satisfy real desire for food. You will probably wind up cranky and much more hungry after consuming it. Also, these items have a lot sugar, only increasing the unhealthy qualities.

A sensible way to maintain weight loss is to give up eating several hours ahead of bed. Avoid eating before going to rest. Food gets kept in your fat cells whenever you do this. As an alternative to snacking inside the evenings, go out and obtain active take a stroll or bike ride to have moving and get away from the fridge.

A great suggestion to aid in your unwanted weight loss is always to drink small protein shakes when you start to experience hunger. Just mix some ice protein powder inside your blender, add some fruit if you love and savor.

If you are attempting to shed excess weight, there will most likely be a period of time or two when you wish to dine out at a nice restaurant. Understand that the portions served will probably be larger than what you wish to consume. Ask your server to place your leftovers in a take-out container. Achieving this can aid you to reduce calories and also a prepared lunch for tomorrow!

If you wish to slim down, you will need to stay active. A simple way to lose a little extra calories is by not being seated through the day. This can be the easiest method to burn calories. Staying active throughout the day is better than working yourself hard for 20 minutes and sitting the rest of the day.

Skip deep fried foods when you wish to lose excess weight. There are so many methods to cook which are much better. Try poaching, steaming, broiling or baking. Using these methods to cook may help decrease your weight in a nutshell order.

Regularly weigh yourself while trying to lose weight. This can help you to discover how much weight you’ve lost, and just how much you have to go. Have a notebook of the weight loss progress. Research has shown that folks who keep a fat loss journal are more likely to succeed at reaching their weight loss goals.

Usually do not keep the weight loss program a secret, educate your friends. Don’t hid it, your buddies and dearly loved one can help keep you encouraged about weight-loss when they are aware that you will be trying. Your mates are more unlikely to tempt you with foods which can be bad.

Avoid pills that provide results that seem too good to be true. You may lose some weight, but then you will gain it back.

One-fifth of weight-loss patients face serious complications which need an additional procedure to correct. Some patients may develop nutritional deficiencies because of the surgery. Losing weight quickly also increases your chance of getting gallstones. Maintaining a balanced diet and taking part in exercise are crucial aspects of a wholesome, post-operative lifestyle.


Garcinia Cambogia Extract – The Best Guide On The New, Slimmer You 9176

Garcinia Cambogia Extract – Solid Methods For Dropping Those Excess Weight 9180

Garcinia Cambogia Extract Reviews

Best Garcinia Cambogia

Due to plethora of diet plans, myth, science and pseudoscience circulating in the weight lost world, the idea of shedding pounds can appear quite unfathomable. Successful individuals know that it is best to keep things simple. The following article offers some great tips on that will help you get rid of that unwanted weight without much complication.

Eat boiled eggs with no yolks. Although there are several healthy ingredients in egg yolks, they’re also loaded with cholesterol and fat, and that likely ensures they are a poor fit for your current diet. With the help of egg-whites to the diet, you will get lots of high-quality protein.

There are few that may say they are doing not enjoy eating french-fried potatoes. Many who are wanting to shed pounds have failed on account of these. There exists, however, a good french fry alternative that one could bake yourself. Slice some potatoes into fries about 1/2″ wide, then put them in a bowl having a tablespoon of oil. Add salt and pepper (and optionally, rosemary), then put them in the oven and bake them at 400 degrees. Turn them over and bake for an additional 10-20 minutes. These fries taste great and possess less fat simply because they aren’t fried. Enjoy these with some ketchup! These “French Bakes” were offered by Laurel’s Kitchen cookbook.

To get a reward it is possible to eat at restaurants in a nice restaurant. However, restaurants often offer portions which are substantial. One way to handle this is to consume only half of your meal and place other half in a take-out box. Should you do that, you are going to end up getting two well-proportioned meals together with the appropriate number calories: someone to eat out at the restaurant and another for lunch the following day.

When you develop your weight loss program, avoid working on your weaknesses and sore spots. Instead, seek out methods to take full advantage of your strengths and make the most of the opportunity to adopt more favorable habits. Making positive changes in your diet is the best way to ensure that the diet sticks. Rather than looking to stay away from the doughnut shop on a daily basis, get into the habit of smoking of stopping elsewhere for fruit or possibly a healthy smoothie instead. It is quicker to start new habits than stop old habits.

Active people slim down much faster than inactive people. Usually do not sit still for longer than quarter-hour at one time. Get up and move about, or stretch every a quarter-hour if you are sitting down to have an extended time frame. This should help you to keep burning calories through the entire day, which keeps your metabolism working faster, and will assist you to adhere to a normal volume of calories yet still slim down.

Having a multivitamin may be great at the assistance of shedding weight. You are losing out on essential vitamins from your foods you happen to be not eating. Have a multivitamin which means you are assured you obtain each of the vitamins that you need.

To shed weight, tend not to eat right before bedtime. Any foods you eat late aren’t being burned from your body. It’s going to transform into fat and acquire stored consequently whilst you sleep. Eat dinner a couple of hours before you go to fall asleep.

Eat out at home as frequently as is possible. Most restaurants present you with double or triple than what you must have. Also, it really is tougher to eat directly in a nearby restaurant as their offerings tend to be saltier and fattier than homemade items.

When you participate in daily house chores, you are going to burn several calories everyday doing something you normally do. You may slim down simply by burning calories while house cleaning. Playing fun and interesting music while cleaning is always a good idea. Music can inspire you to dance, and dancing is the best way to burn calories inside a fun and exciting way.

Be sure to have ample other items to savor besides food. Many people want to cook and eat. It’s fine to find enjoyment in eating. Eating and cooking should remain an important part of your respective day. You need to find other activities to look forward to besides food. Look for a new hobby, preferably one that involves being active.

As already discussed, in relation to fat loss, open mindedness is essential. In the event you follow old techniques which have not been shown effective, you might not lose any weight. The article above has given you beneficial tips to shedding pounds, in fact it is under your control to place an excellent plan into action.


P90x3 Workout – Excellent Article With Great Ideas About Fitness 7363

P90X3 Workout – To Get A Fitness Decide To Work, Try So It Will Be As Simple As Possible 3997

p90x3 reviews


To keep the complete quality in your life high, it’s crucial that you take excellent good care of yourself. That being said, it’s challenging to know precisely the way to stay in shape. There is lots of real information about fitness available, so you may have a hard time understanding what to assume. Below are great tips which were carefully selected to help keep you fit and healthy.

If training is completely new for you, you may want to consider enlisting the help of a personal trainer. An individual trainer can assist you establish your goals and set up a workout that targets your trouble areas. Learning from someone who knows a lot more than you are doing can really increase your confidence. It will be easy to start out a great plan that one could hold through to.

If you are searching to acquire as in good physical shape as you possibly can, seek out physical exercise that tones muscles while simultaneously adding flexibility. Hunt for classes in your region.

Make a note of your results after every workout. By recording data you can expect to ensure that you push it as far as possible. Wear a pedometer while hitting the gym so that you know the best way many steps you’ve taken daily, and be sure to add that to the journal at the same time. You will understand what it will require to arrive at where you wish to be in the event you compile data.

A crucial fitness tip is not to exercise when you’re sick. Should you be ill, our bodies dedicates its resources to self-preservation and healing. It’s difficult or impossible for you to have stronger or build muscles while it’s doing this. Hence, rest and have better before exercising again. Take this period to catch through to some sleep, and don’t skip any meals.

Inhaling a controlled manner could make your workouts more potent. Try to exhale hard for your shoulders come to their peak during situps. Deep exhaling cause your muscles to contract, permitting a far more intense ab workout.

Staying on any diet program requires motivation, and individuals get motivation by seeing results. As opposed to weighing yourself, keep tight clothes accessible. Wear these every week to view progress.

Try out a bench prior to hitting the gym onto it. With your thumb, press in to the seat to determine the padding. If you can to touch the difficult surface under it, visit another bench.

When starting a fresh exercise program, pay beforehand for several sessions. This makes it very likely that you just would really visit your sessions in comparison to paying your trainer by the session. This is because simply because you made a monetary commitment. For that reason, you will certainly be much more compelled to adhere to through with every session.

Doing free-weight squats with barbells is a superb exercise to offer you an incredibly nice looking, muscular shape. Squats work various muscles inside your legs, along with your back and lower abs muscles. They also have an effect on your growth hormones which can provide you with that “beefed up” look that weight lifters often desire.

Fitness is a thing which is essential for a person’s health, however, some think it requires forever to perform. This, however, is not really true. Simply hydrating your system properly with water each day and getting some activities in can help you become more fit. So apply everything you learned today.


Naval Exercise On Hold Due To Ukraine Tensions

That’s a transformation! Mel B changes out of her sweaty exercise wear for a glam The Voice Kids appearance

Dinner time: Mel enjoyed a meal with her 2Day FM co-hosts (L-R) Jules Lund with wife Anna, Stephen Belafonte, Merrick Watts and wife Georgie and Mel B, missing from the scene was single Sophie Monk

The biannual Northern Eagle exercise is scheduled to take place in May. Parliament of Crimea votes to join Russia Carol Morello, Will Englund and Griff Witte The vote Monday by Crimeas parliament paves the way for Russia to decide whether – or when – to absorb the region. Russia supporters in Crimea exult But Norwegian Defense Department spokeswoman Marita Isaksen Wangberg said Thursday the drill probably wont go ahead as planned after the Pentagon froze joint exercises with Russia because of the Ukraine crisis. In an email to The Associated Press, she said that also means a planning conference ahead of the drill has been canceled until further notice.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/naval-exercise-on-hold-due-to-ukraine-tensions/2014/03/13/f7364f7a-aac8-11e3-b8ca-197ef3568958_story.html

<img src='http://img.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_296w/2010-2019/WashingtonPost/2014/03/14/Web-Resampled/2014-03-14/2014-03-14T073203Z_01_DSM01_RTRIDSP_3_MALAYSIA-AIRLINES-kZgD–296×197@wp.com.jpg&#039; width='200px' alt='Muslims attend Friday prayers at the National Mosque in Kuala p90X3 workout Lumpur March 14, 2014. The Friday prayers included a special prayer session for the passengers of the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370. A new search area for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 may be opened in the Indian Ocean, the White House said, significantly broadening the potential location of the plane, which disappeared nearly a week ago http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/p90x3-reviews/sbwire-455028.htm with 239 people on board. REUTERS/Damir Sagolj (MALAYSIA – Tags: DISASTER TRANSPORT RELIGION TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)’ style=’float:left;padding:5px’ />

That was quick! The 38-year-old former Spice Girl was back to her stunning best in a slimline pencil skirt and lip patterned blouse while filming The Voice Kids in Sydney Familiar territory: Viewers are used to seeing the mother-of-three in a fill face of make-up, her hair perfectly coiffed The singer – who shed 15kg (33lb) in just 20 weeks back in 2012 – is now believed to weigh less than 60kg (132lb) after embarking on a strict fitness regime following the birth of her third daughter Madison Brown Belafonte, aged two. At the time of her initial weight loss, Mel said being fitter meant she could be a better mum to her children. She said: Im the same girl from 15 years agolosing weight has made me the best mum possible.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2582521/Thats-transformation-Mel-B-changes-sweaty-exercise-wear-glam-The-Voice-Kids-appearance.html

Sistar’s Soyu Reveals The Real Reason For Her Dieting

She shared, “The reason why I try to lose weight is to not only to maintain [my health and figure], but to be honest, it’s also because my face is chubby… People would say that my face looks like a pig and that I look like an ahjumma. That is why I put a lot of bronzer on my face.” DJ Choi Hwa Jung joked, “It’s because you’re still young. Once you age, you purposely add baby fat.” Fans would agree that Soyu is beautiful just the way she is!
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.allkpop.com/article/2014/02/sistars-soyu-reveals-the-real-reason-for-her-dieting

The human digestive system; How to nourish your digestive system


Coconut water: natural electrolytes found in coconut water are known to hydrate better and faster than water. Fiber Foods: apples, apricots, bananas, beets, berries, cabbage, carrots, citrus, http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/13/idUSnHUGdsQR+73+ONE20140113 dates, figs, garcinia cambogia extract oats, sweet potatoes (skin on), wheat bran Ginger: naturally contains anti-nausea and painkilling compounds; excellent for upset stomach. Oregano: contains anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral properties in the natural oils that help kill bacteria or viruses that may cause diarrhea. Yogurt: plain yogurt, in small quantities, help attack harmful bacteria in the gut.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.examiner.com/article/digestive-system-diseases-healthy-food-recipes-avoid-dieting-food-intolerance

The Best Workouts For Weight Loss

Finally Take Control of Your Weight in 2014 with Weight Loss Surgery

0 0 0 0 0 0 Try these interval workout ideas the next time it’s time for a cardio workout. Work Out With Weights Whats Your Reaction? 0 0 0 0 0 0 The secret to melting pounds is a strong foundation, and the best way to build muscle is with weights. “When you’re doing weight training, it’s not so much about burning calories; it’s about gaining as much muscle as possible,” explains trainer Tia Falcone, who helped Miss America Nina Davaluri lose over 50 pounds .
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.fitsugar.com/Best-Workouts-Weight-Loss-33539405

The Best Workouts For Weight Loss

If you engage in light activities, multiply your BMR by 30%. If you are the relatively active type, multiply your BMR by 40%. If you are very active for the better part of the day, multiply your BMR by 50%. Once you obtain the result, add it to your BMR.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.examiner.com/article/how-many-calories-should-i-consume-for-weight-loss

How many calories should I consume for weight loss?

Weight Loss

Part of what makes revision weight loss surgery a challenge is the fact that patients often come in without the proper education of what it takes to make a lifestyle change after bariatric surgery. If unhappy with their current gastric sleeve or lap band, Inland Empire , Encino, and any greater Los Angeles residents can find qualified and talented surgeons at a BHP office. With <a http://finance.yahoo.com/news/garcinia-cambogia-extract-investigation-now-190000760.html href=’http://finance.yahoo.com/news/garcinia-cambogia-extract-investigation-now-190000760.html’>garcinia cambogia side effects many locations throughout Southern California, Beverly Hills Physicians understands that obesity is a complex disease, one that is more difficult to treat than simply ordering a person to eat less and move more. The compassionate BHP team knows, too, that it takes more than simply doing the surgery for the patient to effectively lose weight, and that’s why they emphasize patient care.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/15/beverly-hills-phys-idUSnPnLAkrqCH+163+PRN20140115

Accupressure Weight Loss Points For Significant Weight Reduction

Diabetes Drug Won’t Help Obese Kids Keep Off Weight

Acupressure alone will not cause weight loss but with healthy food choices and exercise in the form of adding daily activity will contribute significantly to your weight loss goals. According to the American Journal of Chinese Medicine, studies show using acupressure for garcinia cambogia extract weight loss decreases the BMI 1.7 points on the average, the other half of the patients received only weight loss counseling and lost only .05 BMI points. How to apply the pressure As you begin working with your pressure points the best way to start is by massaging the pressure point area first. Apply the pressure for the amount of time given, and then end the work with the pressure point with massage on the same area. When you work a pressure point on one side of the body, find the pressure point on the opposite side of the body and work it as well. Where to find the pressure points (watch video) Begin with the pressure points on your ears and follow through with the rest of the pressure points on the body. When you are finished end the session with your ears the same way you began the session.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.examiner.com/article/accupressure-weight-loss-points-for-significant-weight-reduction

Chicago author hopes new book prevents shootings

Every goal you achieve can motivate you to achieve more goals — and you can get lasting results. If you can avoid making drastic changes and ease into losing weight, you are more likely to stick to a weight loss strategy long term. Intermittent calorie reduction is an easy-to-follow diet plan and it may be the key to lasting weight control. Researchers at Genesis Prevention Center at University Hospital in South Manchester, England found that restricting carbohydrates two days per week was more effective than the standard, daily Mediterranean diet in reducing weight, body fat and insulin resistance.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.examiner.com/article/easy-weight-loss-intermittent-calorie-reduction-can-lead-to-weight-control

Weight Reduction in Automotive Design and Manufacture

Vehicle safety & cost implications are also considered along with weight reduction by sector (body structure, chassis, powertrain and interior). The report also includes a detailed section on materials technology and examines the use of advanced steel, aluminium, magnesium, titanium, carbon fibre, plastics, bio-materials and textiles. Recycling and joining technology are also considered. Introduction The effect of policy initiatives http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/garcinia-cambogia-extract—crucial-data-released-231403591.html Weight saving methods Competition between OEMs Mass reduction and vehicle lifecycle CO2 emissions Barriers to weight reduction DifferentiationSafety Process development Cost considerations The drivers for lightweighting Fuel economy and CO2 emissions The European Union Lightweighting as part of the solution Lifecycle analysis the holistic approach Historic perspective Interiors Materials technology Developing material technology Advanced steel developments Competition from other materials The Future Steel Vehicle Programme Steel forming technology Aluminium Changing aluminium properties using carbon nanotubes Recycling Magnesium Price volatility Demand for magnesium Magnesium advantages Magnesium extractionAlloy and process development Magnesium sheet production and stamping Forging Titanium Lowering the cost of titanium Extraction Fabrication Composite and plastic materials Carbon fibre Strategic interest from OEMs Supply-side constraints Carbon fibre cost reduction Process development Thermocomposite materials Thermoset versus thermoplastic Plastics Sheet moulding compound (SMC) Nano-scale materials Honeycomb structuresProcess development Hybrid materials technology Challenges in bio-material application Bio-based materials Current and future applications Future application Textiles Figure 1: Potential further gains in vehicle efficiency Figure 2: Segment average kerb weights 1990 – 2012 (Europe) Figure 3: US light duty vehicle trends for weight, acceleration, fuel economy, and weight-adjusted fuel economy for model years 1975-2009 (US EPA, 2009 data) Figure 4: Weight reduction in the current weight-based CO2 target system (left) and in a size based system (right) Figure 5: Average CO2 emissions levels for new passenger cars in the EU Figure 6: CO2 emissions for model year 2008 hybrids and their non-hybrid counterparts Figure 7: The cost of fuel efficiency gains through weight reduction compared to other technologies Figure 8: Fiat’s C-Evo Platform Figure 9: North American curb weight forecast Figure 10: The use phase dominates lifecycle vehicle emissions Figure 11: Analysing lifetime greenhouse gas effects Figure 12: Relative CO2 reduction benefits vs. relative cost Figure 13: Drivers and areas of focus for vehicle weight reduction Figure 14: Global mandatory automobile efficiency and GHG standards Figure 15: Methods for reducing CO2 output Figure 16: Impact of vehicle weight on fuel consumption Figure 17: CO2 (g/km) performance and standards in the EU new cars 1994 – 2011 Figure 18: The effect of alternative German proposals for CO2 reduction regulation for Europe Figure 19: US targets for future GHG reductions (% reduction from 2005 levels) Figure 20: Average fuel efficiency 2010 and 2015 targets for gasoline vehicles Figure 21: Global passenger car and light vehicles emission legislation progress 2005 2025 Figure 22: Comparison of different test regimes for EU, US and Japan Figure 23: Comparison of different fuel efficiency regulations and test regimes Figure 24: US mass of passenger cars 1975 2010 with weight attributed to safety, emissions, comfort and convenience features Figure 25: Relative crash safety of mass reduced SUV and car combinations Figure 26: Weight and cost comparison for automotive components Figure 27: Challenges with materials application Figure 28: Changing cost implications in improving weight performance Figure 29: Average profit per vehicle versus CO2 compliance costs Figure 30: Average price of gasoline in the US 2002 to 2012 Figure 31: Average price of gasoline, diesel and natural gas in the US 2010 to 2012 Figure 32: US Regular Gasoline prices $/gallon, January 2011 to June 2013 Figure 33: Evolution of average Al content of passenger cars in Europe Figure 34: Progress in weight reduction through materials technology Figure 35: A schematic illustrating lifecycle considerations for CO2 equivalent Figure 36: Materials production average greenhouse gas emissions Figure 37: Demand shortfall of aluminium from end-of-life recycling Figure 38: Lower fuel consumption outweighs additional CO2 burden from lightweight material manufacturing Figure 39: Lifecycle system analysis schematic Figure 40: CO2 equivalent output per kWh of electricity produced Figure 41: Global automotive microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) sensors shipments Figure 42: Mini segment average kerb weights 1990 – 2012 (Europe) Figure 43: Lower mid segment average kerb weights 1990 – 2012 (Europe) Figure 44: Upper mid segment average kerb weights 1990 – 2012 (Europe) Figure 45: Luxury segment average kerb weights 1990 – 2012 (Europe) Figure 46: Trends in aluminium use Figure 47: The multi-material vehicle concept applied to the Audi A8 body-in-white Figure 48: Aluminium potential and market penetration in Europe Figure 49: Weight share of modules and their weight increase Figure 50: Changes in steel usage in BIW application Figure 51: Front bumper design for the new Fiat Panda delivers 0.88kg weight saving Figure 52: BIW materials 2006 data and 2015 forecast Figure 53: Front bumper design for the new Alpha Romeo Giulietta delivers 3.1kg weight saving Figure 54: Aluminium/ magnesium lightweight design 6 cylinder engine Figure 55: Engine weight and performance for aluminium and cast iron blocks Figure 56: 1.0L Ecoboost cylinder head with integrated exhaust manifold Figure 57: A lightweight strut with a fibreglass wheel carrier Figure 58: Aston Martin carbon fibre rear spoiler Figure 59: Cost comparison of lightweight vehicle structures Figure 60: Areas for chassis weight reduction Figure 61: Mass reduction in seat design Figure 62: Contribution to weight reduction Figure 63: Laser sintered manifold Figure 64: Implementation of advanced steel alloys over time for Ford models Figure 65: Overall demand for auto steel and other metals and materials Figure 66: Advanced high strength steel developments Figure 67: BIW materials by tensile strength BMW 6 Series Figure 68: Third generation advanced high strength steel development Figure 69: Microstructure of TRIP steel Figure 70: Use of boron steel in BMW’s 6 Series BIW Figure 71: Beyond third generation AHSS; NanoSteel alloys Figure 72: P-group elements in the periodic table Figure 73: Elongation versus alloy percent p-group elements conventional high strength steels Figure 74: Elongation versus alloy percent p-group elements NanoSteel AHSS Figure 75: Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of the Future Steel Vehicle (FSV) programme vehicles Figure 76: Steel portfolio to technology portfolio flow diagram for the FSV programme Figure 77: Aluminium content per vehicle Figure 78: Primary aluminium production 2012 Figure 79: Global aluminium production including recycling 2012 Figure 80: US forecast market share of steel and aluminium Figure 81: Al growth by segment for Europe and North America Figure 82: Aluminium content by system/ component Figure 83: Aluminium content in 2012 Figure 84: Aluminium and plastic componentry BMW 7 Series body structure Figure 85: Aluminium content growth 2009 to 2012 Figure 86: Iso-strength curves for 6000 Series alloys Figure 87: Composition of 7000 Series alloys Figure 88: Aluminium front structure Figure 89: Weight reduction studies Figure 90: Federal Mogul’s Advanced Estoval II piston Figure 91: Aluminium steering knuckle Figure 92: Magnesium content per vehicle Figure 93: Specific strength versus specific stiffness for various materials Figure 94: Magnesium demand breakdown Figure 95: Magnesium pricing history Figure 96: Global magnesium production 1998 and 2011 by region Figure 97: Potential for weight saving replacing aluminium with magnesium in the powertrain Figure 98: Typical magnesium die castings Figure 99: Die cast three cylinder engine block in AM-SC1 alloy Figure 100: Stamped magnesium tailgate Figure 101: Thermally formed magnesium alloy sheet trunk lid inner Figure 102: Potential magnesium applications Figure 103: Potential magnesium extrusion use Figure 104: Proportions of different materials Audi R8 Figure 105: Application of titanium-Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) alloys for engine components Figure 106: Connecting rod made of Ti-SB62 split using laser cracking Figure 107: Turbocharger turbine wheel made from ?TiAl Figure 108: Titanium MMC crankshaft using Ti-4A-4V+12% TiCl Figure 109: Comparison between titanium and steel spring showing 50% weight saving Figure 110: VW Golf 4-Motion titanium exhaust Figure 111: Titanium use in the Bugatti Veyron Figure 112: laser sintered titanium components Figure 113: Price elasticity of demand for various engineering materials Figure 114: CFRP cost structure according to SGL Group Figure 115: Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM) process chain Figure 116: Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM) process schematic Figure 117: McLaren’s MP4-12C featuring a carbon fibre monocoque safety cell Figure 118: CFRP future development roadmap Figure 119: Schematic of the Resin Spray Transfer process Figure 120: Advanced engineering plastics use in the MX-0 design challenge vehicle Figure 121: Density strength relationships for various engineering materials Figure 122: Emerging automotive nanotechnology uses Figure 123: Emerging applications for carbon nanotube based materials technology Figure 124: Nanocomposite interior component Figure 125: Over injection moulding of metal structures Figure 126: A schematic illustrating a holistic interdisciplinary approach to multi-material design and manufacture Figure 127: Optimal continuous fibre reinforcement design for thermoplastic component Figure 128: Optimised component design achieved by intrinsic materials hybridisation Figure 129: Hybrid materials process schematic Figure 130: Wheat Straw/ Polypropylene storage bin and cover liner used in the 2010 Ford Flex Figure 131: ELV regulation implementation Figure 132: Joining technologies used in automotive manufacturing. Figure 133: Laser welded door containing three different steels.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://finance.yahoo.com/news/weight-reduction-automotive-design-manufacture-131400779.html

Easy weight loss? Intermittent calorie reduction can lead to weight control

The children’s body mass indices (BMIs) ranged from 26 to 41. In most studies, children who took metformin also engaged in lifestyle changes aimed at helping them lose weight. On average, children who took metformin for six months achieved a 3.6 percent greater reduction in their BMI compared with those who practiced lifestyle changes alone. However, studies in adults suggest that, in order for a weight-loss treatment to lead to meaningful improvements in health down the road, it needs to reduce BMI by 5 to 10 percent, McDonagh said. Children in the studies who took metformin for a year saw about the same decrease in BMI as those who practiced lifestyle changes alone.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://news.yahoo.com/diabetes-drug-won-39-t-help-obese-kids-220408690.html